Anxiety is the fear of some unknown or future threat, whereas depression is feeling blue and having low moods. Anxiety is worry about the future, whereas depression is regret about the past. Anxiety makes you worry, whereas depression makes you sad. Anxiety makes your fret over things, whereas depression makes you not care. Anxiety is nervous energy, depression is no energy. Anxiety is intense, depression is apathetic. Anxiety is the fear of loss, depression is the result of loss. Anxiety makes you think what could be, depression makes you think what should be. Anxiety overwhelms, depression under whelms. Anxiety is fearful, depression is hopeless. Anxiety is excessive expectations, depression is unmet expectations. Anxiety is anticipation, depression is delay. Anxiety is over preparation, depression is procrastination. Anxiety is hypervigilance, depression is dreadful waiting. Anxiety is not having enough, depression is losing it all. Anxiety is restlessness, depression is not getting out of bed.
The core symptom of anxiety is extreme fear, nervousness, or worry on exposure to a feared stimulus, or the anticipation of exposure to a feared stimulus. Additional anxiety symptoms include panic attacks, generalized worries, anticipatory anxiety, catastrophic thinking, avoidance, muscle tension, disrupted sleep, phobias to specific objects like spiders, fear of social scrutiny, flashbacks, and obsessions/compulsions. There are different subtypes of anxiety, including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social phobia, panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder. Each of the anxiety subtypes have characteristic symptoms: generalized anxiety disorder- frequent worries; specific phobias- fear of an object or situation; social phobia- fear of social scrutiny; panic disorder- panic attacks; post traumatic stress disorder- flashbacks and nightmares from trauma; and obsessive compulsive disorder- compulsions and obsessions.
The core symptom of depression is low moods or anhedonia (loss of interest in pleasurable activities), oftentimes triggered by a stressor. Additional depressive symptoms include early morning awakenings, feelings of guilt, low energy level, poor concentration, appetite changes, slow movements, agitation, and thoughts of self harm. Depression subtypes include major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar depression, adjustment disorder with depression, seasonal affective disorder, and post partum depression. Each of the depression subtypes have characteristic symptoms: major depressive disorder- depressive episode lasting more than 2 weeks; dysthymic disorder- chronic depression; bipolar depression- depression that occurs in someone who also has manic episodes; adjustment disorder with depression- depressive symptoms after a stressor and not meeting criteria for major depressive disorder; seasonal affective disorder- depression that coincides with the seasons; post partum depression- depression that occurs after giving birth.
For more information on anxiety, read my book on anxiety, Anxiety Protocol. Anxiety Protocol will help you eradicate anxiety from your life. Stay tuned for my upcoming book on depression.